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Copper – An Essential Trace Mineral

health

No one can live without copper as it is one of the related small groups in metallic elements which are most required for the health of a human being, for normal and health metabolic activities in the body. These elements are necessary along with vitamins, amino and also fatty acids. Your body can’t synthesize copper so you need to take regular amounts in your diet for proper absorption.

Requirement of copper to the body

Normally, an adult body consists of 1.4 to 2.1 mg of copper per kilogram according to the weight of the body. a healthy person weight 60 kilograms of weight must approximately contain a 10th of 1 gm of copper. By the way this amount is important for the complete well being of a human being.

Importance of copper

Enzymes are produced in the body by combining copper with proteins to act as a catalyst and help to provided to the body by biochemical reactions. The remaining chemicals and nutrients are involved in the changes of melanin for pigmentation of skin and also to form cross links in elastin and collagen by repairing and maintaining the connective tissues in your body. This type of function is most important for the function of heart and also the arteries. Many studies and researches advised that many factors are leading to the risk of developing the coronary heart diseases due to the deficiency of copper.

Consume adequate quantities of copper

Recently it was observed and believed that an adequate quantity of copper is consumed by most of the people. This is not a complicated matter as per the modern researches. For their content of meals in UK and USA and 25% of United States population take copper in a day which is adequate for them. This was proved by the recent studies of US food and nutrition board of the national academy of sciences.

As per the recommended diet many people who follow typical diet in US provide only half amount from this and in industrialized and developed countries their diets contain less than 40% from the mentioned quantity. But now it is recommended strictly in UK that the daily diet of children who are 1-3 years old must consume 0.4 mg in a day and for adults 1.2 mg of copper is suggested. Many studies on deficiency of copper are revealing that there are serious doubts related to the adequacy of copper in the diets of adults which has less than 1 mg in a day.

Suggestions of W.H.O

The World Health Organization and also the Food and Agricultural Administration (FAA) advised that the consuming of copper among the population must not cross more than 12 mg day for meals and among females only 10mg in a day. In countries like India, there are cirrhosis sufferers from childhood or hereditary disease like Wilson’s disease that is due to excess amount of copper intake.

Incurable consequences like liver damage may also occur due to heavy intake of copper. The symptoms that occur after poisoning of copper element are vomiting, nausea, pain in muscle and abdomen. You can remove the extra copper from the body by the help of certain chelating agents or by taking more of zinc.

Foods rich in copper

You find some foods which are extra rich in copper like nuts, seeds, liver and oysters, chickpeas and other poppy and sunflower seeds. You find sufficient copper in natural foods like cereals, fish and meat to give up to 50% of needed copper from the food consumed in a balanced diet. The people in United Kingdom use drinking water from copper pipes as a daily part of their copper requirement.

Anyhow, the copper content of water is not enough to give balance to the normal intake of this element every day in many areas but it must be recognized that copper which is the most important element is insisted to some water filters to take away metals from the drinking water including the copper element.